Mobile Testing is done to check the functionality, usability, and consistency of mobile apps. This testing is performed manually or even with automation.
Mobile applications have innumerable benefits in our day-to-day lives. Testing the applications at the right time ensures their functionality is not hindered. If you are not testing the mobile experience your users are receiving, you cant know how well your application is serving a large and growing portion of your users.
Having the right strategy and tools for mobile testing is extremely important to ensure the optimum functionality of apps.
Releasing a good application can be quite a challenge. Mobile App testing ensures your mobile experience is strong, no matter what kind of app you are using or what platform it is developed for.
Types of Mobile Apps
Native Applications: Native applications are designed for android or ios devices. These apps are developed specifically for one platform and coded in a specific programming language like Objective C for iOS and Java for Android.
Hybrid Applications: This is a software application that combines elements of both native apps and web applications. These apps are universal and run on all operating systems.
Web Applications: A web application is application software that runs on a web server, unlike computer-based software programs that are run locally on the operating system of the device. Web applications are accessed by the user through a web browser with an active network connection.
Progressive Web Applications: These are web apps that use emerging web browser APIs and features to bring a native app-like user experience. These apps work on any platform using common web technologies like HTML and CSS.
Types of Mobile Testing
There are three main types of Mobile App Testing :
Functionality Testing: In this process, QAs determine if a software is acting in accordance with pre-determined requirements. It uses black-box testing techniques. The tester has no knowledge of the internal system logic in functionality testing.
Functionality Tests Include – Business Flows, UI Testing, Cross-Platform Coverage.
Real Environment Condition Testing: Includes Network Conditions, Interruptions (Calls, Text Messages), Background/Foreground, Gestures (Force Touch).
Non-Functional Testing: This testing is performed to check non-functional aspects (performance, usability, reliability, etc). It is designed to test the readiness of a system as per nonfunctional parameters.
Non-Functionality Tests Include – Security, Accessibility, Performance and availability and API Testing.
Mobile App testing is not just about manual or automated testing, it is about taking a holistic approach in raising the quality levels of the software.
Mobile and Web Testing
Compared to Web Testing, mobile testing encounters additional challenges and complexities. Mobile users interact with the apps on a variety of operating systems and devices with numerous resolutions and functionalities.
Mobile users find themselves in different situations than desktop/laptop web users that need to be accounted for in testing. Factors like battery life, signal strength, even contrast and brightness as the environment frequently changes.